Covid-19 Incidence Rates Decreased in Ramadhan Season during Applied Large-Scale Social Distancing in Jakarta, Indonesia
Background: At the same time of Covid-19’s transmission peak, Indonesia, as the biggest Moslem population in the world, is facing the holy month of the Ramadhan that contained more praying and religious traditional habits in mass gathering setting. As of social distancing was implementing, this study aims to present the difference between before and during Ramadhan with Covid-19 incidence rates while the implementation of large-sale social distancing (LSSD) was applied in Jakarta, Indonesia. Method: The secondary data analysis was derived from surveillance data for Covid-19 from government authorities, including the Ministry of Health and the local government of Jakarta. Two statuses related to Covid-19 were examined in the study: incidence and suspect. These Covid-19 statuses were presented in daily rates with before and during Ramadhan while LSSD was applied in Jakarta, Indonesia. Results: The number of positive confirmed patients differed significantly with before and during Ramadhan while LSSD (p-value = 0.049; mean difference = 33.310). Conclusion: This study’s findings showed that the number of Covid-19 cases decreased during Ramadhan season as social distancing effective to control potential religious and tradition mass gathering in Jakarta, Indonesia.